Sayyid Dynasty- The Fourth Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate
Khizr Khan was the founder of the Sayyid dynasty. Khizr Khan was the commander of Taimur Lang. He did not hold the title of Sultan and rules as Taimur’s son Shahrukh’s Subedar.
Khizr Khan was the governor of Multan and Timur’s deputy in India.
Sayyid Dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
Taking advantage of the confusion that prevailed in India after the death of the last Tughlaq monarch, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughlaq, he marched on Delhi and defeated Daulat Khan, the head of the military oligarchy, on May 28, 1414 and occupied the throne for himself.
- Khajr Khan’s son Mubarak Shah established a city called ‘Mubarakabad’ on the banks of Yamuna.
Sayyid dynasty had four rulers in all – Khizar Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah who ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 A.D.
- Yahiya bin Bin-Ahmad Sirhindi used to live in, Mubarak Shah’s court, who composed the Tarikh-e-Mubarakshahi.
- The last ruler of the Sayyid dynasty was Allauddin Alam Shah.