First Women Muslim Emperor of India – Razia Sultan
Razia Begum abandoned the curtain tradition and started wearing ‘Kuba’ and ‘Kullah’ like men and started appearing before the public.She was the first Muslim female ruler.
Razia Sultan was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to 1240.
Razia Begum was accused of the love affair with Abyssinyai Leader Yakut Khan. Razia Begum was assassinated on 13 October 1240 AD.
Nasiruddin Mahmud of Slave Dynasty
Iltutmish’s younger son Nasiruddin Mahmud sat on the throne of Delhi in 1246 AD.
Nasiruddin Mahmud handed over the complete reins of his rule to his deputy Balban. He gave Balban the title of ‘Ulugakhan’. He made a marriage of his daughter to Balban and made him ‘Amerehabib’.
Nasiruddin Mahmud was a great patron of art and architecture.
Nasiruddin Mahmud was a great patron of art and architecture and during his reign a large number of mosques, khanqas, bridges and tombs were built.
Important Mosques of Nasiruddin Mahmud’s Reign
The important mosques of his reign were the imposing shatgumbad mosque erected by Khan Jahan at Bagerhat, two mosques built by Sarfaraz Khan at Jangipur in the district of Murshidabad (1443 AD), the mosque built by one Hilali in the neighbourhood of Gaur (1455 AD), the mosque built by Bakht Binat at Dhaka (1455 AD) and the mosque built by Khurshid Khan at Bhagalpur (1446 AD).
Nasiruddin Mahmud was a man of peaceful disposition.