Born: 11 November 1888
Death: 22 February 1958
Profession: Indian Freedom Fighter
Achievements of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia), who was the Senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress and an Indian scholar. His full name is Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad.
- He was the first Minister of Education in the Indian Govt. after India’s independence from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958.
- The nation honoured Dr Kalam with Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, in 1997 for his contribution in the field of scientific research, development and modernisation of technology in the defence sector of India.
- He became the Project Director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) when he was transferred in 1969 to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). In July 1980, his team was successful in deploying the Rohini satellite near the orbit of the Earth.
National Education day
- His birthday 11 November is celebrated as ‘National Education day’ across India. He gave a great contribution towards education foundation in India.
- He is one of the founders and greatest patrons of the Jamia Millia Islamia. He was elected as a member of foundation committee to establish Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in U.P in October 1920.
- At the age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve the President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.
Abdul Kalam’s Quotes:-
- “If you want to shine like a sun. First burn like a sun.”
- “Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.”3.
- “To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal.”
- “Dream, dream, dream. Dreams transform into thoughts and thoughts result in action.”
- “Don’t take rest after your first victory because if you fail in second, more lips are waiting to say that your first victory was just luck.”
Books by Dr. Abdul Kalam:-
- My Journey
- Mission India
- You Are Born To Blossom
- Target 3 Billion
- Turning Points