Born: 14 November 1889
Death: 27 May 1964
Profession: First Prime Minister of India
Achievements of Jawaharlal Nehru:
- Jawaharlal Nehru, the son of Motilal Nehru, was born in Allahabad. He was the First Prime Minister of India. He was the freedom fighter, Barrister, writer, and politician.
- On October 31, 1940 Pt. Nehru was arrested for offering individual Satyagraha to protest against India’s forced participation in war. He was released along with the other leaders in December 1941.
- During the Cold War, Nehru adopted a policy of non-alignment in which he professed neutrality, but was criticized when he refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 and later requested foreign aid after China invaded India’s northern border in 1962.
Lifestyle of Jawaharlal Nehru
- Nehru and his family made transformations in their upper class lifestyle. They followed Gandhi and abandoned fashionable British clothes and expensive possessions. Nehru and his family adopted the native language of Hindu, or Hindustani for their common use. Nehru also wore a khadi kurta and a Gandhi cap as an Indian nationalist uniform.
Children’s Day (Bal Divas)
- His birthday 14 November is celebrated in India as Children’s Day (Bal Divas).
- He did his Lifelong passion and work for the welfare, educational development of children and young people. That is why children across India remember him as Chacha Nehru (Uncle Nehru).
- Nehru wrote some books. Some of his writings are The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History and his autobiography, Toward Freedom.
Letters from a Father to His Daughter
- Indira Gandhi, his daughter, when she was in a boarding school, he had written 30 letters and the collection of these letters was later published as a book Letters from a Father to His Daughter.
- In 1955, Nehru was honored with Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.