Date of Birth: 11th April 1827
Date of Death: 28th November 1890
Occupation: Social Reformer and Thinker
Jyotiba Phule’s Biography:
Upholding the downtrodden, seeking justice, Jyotiba Phule fought for the rights of the lower caste people of India. Jyotiba Phule was born to a family of Mali caste to Govindrao Phule. He was Originally born to Mali community and denied further education. Due to their caste, he was suppressed making him work on the farm.
By the age of 13, he was married to Savitribai Phule. Later both are known as the pioneers for girls’ education in the Indian society.
Jyotiba Phule’s Career and Achievements:
In one such occasion where he attended a marriage function of Brahmin caste, he was humiliated. This humiliation between the upper caste and lower caste made him fight for injustice.
- He first started the reform by educating his wife at home. Later, they both together opened India’s first girl’s school. This gave way to vision towards change.
- Apart from this, he also found Satya Shodhak Samaj. This would uplift the interests of the lower caste people.
- Along with reforming the society, he was also a cultivator, merchant. He owned land of 60 acres.
- He was appointed as the commissioner to the Pune municipality in 1876.
Jyotiba Phule’s Awards and Recognition:
Some of the published works of Jyotiba Phule are Tritiya Ratna (1855), Gulamgiri(1873), Ishara, October(1885).
- Jyotiba Phule is titled as “Mahatma“. Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, a renowned social reformer gave him this title in 1888.
- A full-length statue is inaugurated at the premises of Vidhana Soudha.
- Mahatma Phule museum is located at Pune.
- The biggest vegetable market in Pune is named after him. It is known as Mahatma Phule Mandi.
- Jyotiba Phule’s ideologies inspired Dr.B.R Ambedkar.
- For his outstanding efforts to bring equality among the people and caste, he is known as the “Father of Indian Social Revolution“.