India ranked abysmally low in the Global Gender Gap Report 2017, published on 2nd November 2017, slipping twenty-one places to 108th. The index ranks 144 countries by the improvement they have made in closing the gender gap. India ranks far below the world average in providing economic opportunities and adequate wages to women.
Indian ranks also below of world average in health and survival parameters of women. The gender gap has widened globally for the first time since the index is being published.
Highlights of Global Gender Gap Index (GGG Index):
- The index is being published by the World Economic Forum annually since 2006.
- It measures the progress made in gender parity in four areas-
India in the Global Gender Gap Index 2017:
- The major challenge that India faces is the low economic attainments of women. India ranked 139th in this sub-index.
- It was noted that on average 66% of women workers in India go unpaid compared to the 12% men.
- It fared even worse in the health and survival sub-index attaining the fourth lowest at 141st
- Noting that it has been 50 years since India had its first female Prime Minister in 1966, a lack of female political leadership was also observed.
- India’s only sigh of relief was the improvement it made in the primary and secondary education sector.
Global scenario of Global Gender Gap Index:
- Iceland improved on its gender gap the most for the ninth year in a row. It ranked 1st in the list closing its gender gap by 88%.
- Norway, Finland, Rwanda, Sweden, Nicaragua are other countries in the Top 10.
- The Global Gender Gap widened for the first time in 2017 since its inception in 2006.
- It predicted that with the current trend it would take 100 years to bridge the gender gap while last year it predicted 83 years.
- The prediction gets worse when it comes to filling the gender gap in the workplace which is likely to take 217 years.